top of page

Let's explore some of the common medical illnesses and diseases that individuals suffer from.

Thousands of diseases and illnesses affect humans. Lots of people go through this early in life or at a certain age. Most of them must have endured common illnesses like seasonal allergies, viral diseases, or severe chronic problems like heart disease at some point in their lifespan.

Today, we'll look at some of the most prevalent illnesses and diseases, some of which have symptoms and others which don't.

Heart disease

The major causes of death for both sexes and all ethnic groups are heart and cardiovascular illnesses. Heart disease used to be mostly caused by unchangeable factors including age, gender, and family history. The number of cases of heart disease, however, appears to have increased over the past few decades, and nowadays, preventable risk factors including nutrition, physical inactivity, and stress play a significant role in heart disease risk. The typical forms of cardiac disease include:

  • Hypertensive heart disease

  • Coronary heart disease

  • Atherosclerosis

  • Cardiomyopathy

  • Heart attack

  • Peripheral vascular disease

  • Rheumatic heart disease

  • Congestive heart failure

  • Atrial fibrillation

  • Renal artery stenosis

  • Cerebrovascular disease

  • Aortic aneurysm

  • Heart failure

  • Cardiomyopathy

  • Cardiac dysrhythmias

  • Pulmonary heart disease

  • Myocarditis

Liver disease

The human body's largest organ is the liver. The liver produces hormones, detoxifies toxins, produces a protein, and controls glycogen storage, among other functions. Additionally, it increases indigestion and synthesizes the metabolites required for human growth. Any disease that affects the liver can have disastrous implications on the entire body because of its extensive and diverse range of functions.

You should be aware of the following common liver diseases:

  • Fatty liver/Enlarged liver

  • Viral Hepatitis A, B, C, E

  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

  • Liver failure/Cirrhosis

  • Jaundice

  • Hepatic encephalopathy

  • Tumors/Cancers

  • Ascites fluid in the belly

Autoimmune diseases

In its simplest form, an autoimmune illness is a condition in which your immune system misidentifies healthy cells in your body as foreign invaders. An immune system functioning can distinguish between foreign cells and healthy cells. However, when you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system mistakes your joints, skin, and organs as foreign invaders.

Several typical autoimmune conditions include:

  • Lupus

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Parkinson disease

  • Chronic Fatigue syndrome

  • Vitiligo

  • Addison’s disease

  • Celiac disease

  • Crohn’s disease

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Optic neuritis

  • Restless leg syndrome

  • Kawasaki disease

Respiratory disease

Respiratory disease or illness refers to clinical conditions that affect the upper and lower respiratory systems. Although coughs and colds are the most common respiratory problems for most individuals, there are many more respiratory ailments that you are not aware of.

Respiratory disease or illness refers to clinical conditions that affect the upper and lower respiratory systems. Although coughs and colds are the most common respiratory problems for most individuals, there are many more respiratory ailments that you are not aware of:

  • Allergic rhinitis

  • Asthma

  • Dry cough

  • Lung diseases

  • Pneumonia

  • Productive cough

  • Bronchitis

  • Cystic fibrosis

  • COPD

  • Cough and cold

  • Emphysema

  • Tuberculosis

  • Drug-resistant TB

  • Multidrug resistant TB

Digestive complications

The liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and gastrointestinal tract (GI), which make up the digestive system, assist the body in breaking down food. It takes digestion to turn food into the nutrients that the body needs for energy, growth, and cell repair.

Digestive system diseases, if not prevented, may harm the gastrointestinal tract. Some common digestive problems cause minor annoyance, while severe digestive disorders may lead to surgery. You can take appropriate action for your digestive health in everyday life if you are aware of the most prevalent digestive system issues and diseases.

  • Acid Reflux

  • Gas in intestines

  • Gastritis

  • Appendicitis

  • Constipation

  • Ulcers

  • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)

  • Kidney stones

  • Crohn's disease

Muscle conditions/Nerve disorder

You get destroyed by muscle cramps or a sudden twist in your muscles. However, there are other reasons why you should take extra precautions during muscular issues. For a clear understanding, read about these conditions!

  • Frozen shoulder

  • Myasthenia gravis

  • Paralysis

  • Muscular dystrophy

  • Sciatica

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Varicose veins

  • Bell's Palsy

Endocrine diseases

Endocrine disorders are illnesses affecting the body's endocrine glands or hormone-producing glands. Depending on which gland is affected, these illnesses can have many symptoms and impact various regions of the body. The main job of the several glands that make up the endocrine system is to create and release different hormones into the bloodstream. As chemical messengers, hormones are known to make you more susceptible to numerous diseases when there is an imbalance in your body. These consist of-

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • Hypothyroidism

  • Insomnia

  • Thyroid disease

  • Grave's disease

  • Diabetes melitus

  • Diabetic gangrene

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis

  • Diabetic nephropathy

  • Diabetic neuropathy

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Type 2 Diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes

Blood diseases

Red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets, smaller circulating cells, are all affected by blood cell disorders. Blood cell disorders impair the formation and function of one or more of these types of blood cells. While certain blood conditions may result from an underlying illness, others are hereditary.

Here are some of the most prevalent blood disorders you should be aware of:

  • Anemia

  • Hypertension

  • Thalassemia

  • Aneurysm

  • Leukemia

Bone or joint diseases

A joint is a structure where two or more bones meet and fit together. Ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and synovial fluid are other tissues found in a joint. Joint problems arise when something goes wrong with any of these structures.

Look at the prevalent conditions that damage your bones and joints.

  • Gout, a kind of arthritis

  • Back pain

  • Bursitis

  • Brittle bone disease or osteogenesis imperfecta

  • Carpal Tunnel syndrome

  • Osteomyelitis

  • Sprains and strains

  • Osteoporosis

  • Slipped disc

  • Cervical spondylosis

Eye conditions

The human eye is one of the body's most intricate organs, and our ability to see is one of our most precious assets. Common eye conditions can be slightly upsetting and, in severe circumstances, result in vision loss. Many of us strain our eyes by looking at computers and other devices for extended periods. Consequently, it raises your chance of developing dry eyes. Maintaining the health of our eyes is crucial. However, other elements increase your risk of getting several eye conditions, like:

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration

  • Corneal Abrasion

  • Uveitis

  • Hyphema

  • Subconjunctival Haemorrhage

  • Strabismus

  • Corneal Ulcer

  • Color Blindness

  • Astigmatism

  • Scleritis

  • Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Cataracts

  • Dry Eye

  • Floaters

  • Glaucoma

  • Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO)

  • Pink Eye

  • Retinal Detachment

  • Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Skin diseases

Your skin puts forth a lot of effort to defend the rest of your body against the elements, including sunlight, bacteria, fungi, microscopic bugs, and more. It makes sense that skin diseases are frequently so frustratingly obvious. Being your largest organ, the skin can experience health problems just like any other body part. Dermatitis, burns, and rashes are all common skin conditions that affect people daily. Here’s what you need to know regarding various skin diseases:

  • Allergies

  • Acne

  • Anaphylaxis

  • Atopic dermatitis

  • Psoriasis

  • Warts

  • Dermatitis

  • Seborrheic dermatitis

  • Burns

  • Skin cancer

  • Cellulitis

  • Contact dermatitis

  • Rosacea

  • Eczema

  • Shingles

  • Folliculitis


One of the different diseases that involve the growth of abnormal cells which divide out of control and have the capacity to invade and destroy healthy bodily tissue is known as cancer. Cancer can often spread throughout your body.

The second cause of death worldwide is cancer. On the other hand, survival rates are improving for many types, thanks to improvements in cancer screening, treatment, and prevention.

Following is a list of typical cancers to aid you:

  • Mouth cancer

  • Liver cancer

  • Breast cancer

  • Kidney cancer

  • Leukemia

  • Thyroid cancer

  • Cancers in children

  • Heart Tumors (Childhood)

  • Lung cancer

  • Prostate cancer

  • Endometrial cancer

  • Cervical cancer

  • Colon and rectal cancer

  • Ovarian cancer

  • Skin cancer

  • Bowel cancer

  • Colorectal cancer

  • Esophageal cancer

  • Uterine cancer

Others (Communicable or environmental diseases)

Everyone should be extra careful while handling communicable diseases and other ailments.

A communicable disease is caused by infectious agents that spread from an affected individual to other people, animals, or other sources in the environment. It is crucial to know everything about these diseases namely–

  • Polio

  • Tetanus

  • Swine flu

  • Covid-19

  • UTIs

  • Ebola

  • Dengue

  • Pneumococcal

  • Vertigo

  • Bird flu

  • Malaria

  • Hernia

  • Rabies

  • PCOS

  • Fractures

  • Hepatitis B

  • Rubella

  • Hib

  • Measles

  • Whooping cough, or pertussis


The disease may result from different health issues brought on by unsafe behaviors and impure practices. While a few illnesses cannot be completely avoided or treated by medicine, many can be avoided with a few healthy lifestyle and hygiene changes, the correct medication, and consulting a doctor as soon as symptoms arise. Avoiding close contact with sick people, frequently washing hands with soap, hand sanitizer, or warm water for at least 15 seconds, avoiding touching the nose, eyes, and mouth with unwashed hands, regularly cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects and surfaces, staying at home while ill, practicing healthy habits around animals, etc. are a few habits that one can adopt.

bottom of page